There is a hasidic sect of Orthodox Jews (Hebrew: Haredim)whose origins are in Europe called Neturei Karta who oppose the existence of the State of Israel. The Neturei Karta believe that only when the Messiah comes will Jews be entitled to run the Land of Israel. Adherents of Neturei Karta stress those portions in rabbinic literature which state that the Jewish people were first sent into exile from the land of Israel for their sins. Additionally, they maintain the view – based on the Babylonian Talmud (tractate Ketubot, “Marriage IContracts” Pg. 111a) – that any form of forceful recapture of the Land of Israel is a violation of divine will. They believe that the true Commonwealth of Israel can only be reestablished with the coming of the Messiah.

Neturei Karta teaches that the exile of the Jews can end only with the arrival of the Messiah, and that human attempts to return to the Land of Israel are sinful. In Neturei Karta’s view, Zionism is a presumptuous affront against God. Such beliefs have led to accusations that the group perpetuates a “ghetto mentality” in which Jews have little to no agency in determining their fate in the world.

Israel’s Chief Rabbi Yonah Metzger called on world Rabbis to reject Neturei Karta members who participated in the Holocaust denial conference in Iran , saying they “sabotaged Israel” and should not be allowed entrance to Temples.

“They betrayed the Jewish people and their heritage and particularly disgraced the Shoah (Holocaust) and desecrated its memory. They tried to stain the Jewish people, who shy away from this low behavior, with their shameful behavior,” Metzger said.

The chief rabbi called on all communities in Israel and around the world to reinforce the memory of the Holocaust amongst their community members. This dramatic step was significant because boycotts are rarely done, and only as a last resort.

Israel’s former chief rabbi, current Tel Aviv Chief Rabbi Yisrael Meir Lau did not buy the explanations of the Jews who attended the conference.

“It is something completely insane. If it’s possible that there is any Jew, who for some reason or another can support a Holocaust denier in a generation where people with numbers tattooed on their arms are still among us – it’s an insanity that has no justification and no explanation,” he concluded.

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